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Service Cats: Prey Model Raw Made Easy Part 2

What Is Prey Model Raw:

MeOW-llo furiends, welcome to Service Cat Furiday. Very little is as impurrtant to your feline’s health and over all well being as Nutrition. And yet, as we discovered in our Pet Feed Ingredient mini-series, commercial/big pet feed companies products are far from ideal or Nutritional. Ifin you missed any post in that series or any postys in our Service Cats series, you can check them out by clickin’ the links on our Training Tips and Everything Feline page from the menu above. And, ifin you have any questions or topics you’d like to see here, you can leave them in the comments section below or send us an email via our Contact page. Purrlease stay with us, we’re going to show you how you can give your cats the proper Nutrition they need to not only survive but thrive. We’ll show you how everypawdy can afford it and make it so simple that even mommy could figure it out. Don’t tell her me meowed that last part, okay? Anyways, it’ll be easy peasy. You’ll be askin’ yourself how come some peeps make it so hard when we get finished. Remember, the purr-puss of this series isn’t to pass judgment, but rather to educate and make pet parents aware of all their options.   


Dezi lays on tree with harness and Service Cat logo



The following post will be written in human English for reader and translator ease. Our Service Cat posts aren’t intended to be an all inclusive Training Manual but rather Tips, Tricks and Techniques used/developed by mommy A thru her many years of animal training, cats in purr-ticular. And to offer insight into your questions about Everything Feline. Always remember, successful Training is all about Repetition and Rewards.

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Service Cats: Pet Food Ingredients Part 4

Meow-llo It’s time fur Service Cats Furiday. We’ll be wrapping up this mini-series on Pet Feed/Food over the next couple of weeks. So ifin ya’ have any specific questions or questions ‘bout somethin’ we did or didn’t cover, purrlease let us know. ‘Member, you can submit any feline related question or topic you’d like to read ‘bout here by usin’ the form on our Contact page or simply leaving a comment in the comments section below. You can also ketch up on any post you may have missed in this series by clickin’ the links on our Training Tips and Everything Feline page.    


Dezi lays on tree with harness and Service Cat logo




The following post will be written in human English for reader and translator ease. Our Service Cat posts aren’t intended to be an all inclusive Training Manual but rather Tips, Tricks and Techniques used/developed by mommy A thru her many years of animal training, cats in purr-ticular. And to offer insight into your questions about Everything Feline. Always remember, successful Training is all about Repetition and Rewards.


Raena sits posing in her tiger harness




Food vs. Feed:


     The point of this mini-series isn’t to tell you what you need to feed your pets, or to pass judgment on anyone. We’re merely trying to help educate pet owners to recognize ingredients and make the best choices for your pets. As long as pet owners continue to support big pet companies and remain silent about the quality of pet feed, those companies will continue to provide sub par feed that cause illnesses and kill thousands of pets every day. You may have noticed we refer to these pet foods as feed and not food. The following excerpts were taken directly from with permission. It’s a great article that you might want to read. 




Examples of the differences between feed and food…

FDA’s Compliance Policy “CPG Sec. 675.100 Diversion of Contaminated Food for Animal Use” states “FDA does not object to the diversion to animal feed of human food adulterated with rodent, roach, or bird excreta.”

Compliance Policy “CPG Sec. 675.200 Diversion of Adulterated Food to Acceptable Animal Feed Use” states “The Center will consider the requests for diversion of food considered adulterated for human use in all situations where the diverted food will be acceptable for its intended animal food use. Such situations may include:
a. Pesticide contamination in excess of the permitted tolerance or action level.
b. Pesticide contamination where the pesticide involved is unapproved for use on a food or feed commodity.
c. Contamination by industrial chemicals.
d. Contamination by natural toxicants.
e. Contamination by filth.
f. Microbiological contamination.
g. Over tolerance or unpermitted drug residues.

One more, Compliance Policy “CPG Sec. 690.300 Canned Pet Food” states “Pet food consisting of material from diseased animals or animals which have died otherwise than by slaughter, which is in violation of 402(a)(5) will not ordinarily be actionable, if it is not otherwise in violation of the law. It will be considered fit for animal consumption.”


     One commenter said that in the past many pets lived to be in their teens eating big pet feeds; have they changed that much?. The answer is YES, they have changed that much. The beginning of that change was in the late 1950’s when the AAFCO established a committee to oversee and establish regulations over pet food. Once upon a time, canned meat was the only pet food available. It was mostly horse meat, but it didn’t contain a list of fillers and unnecessary ingredients. A lot of those same pets were routinely fed table scraps as well. Mommy remembers her grandmother throwing out left overs to the barn cats and strays and even to the house poodle, who lived to be 19 years old. Her name was Pepper, and she never ate kibble.


Design and Intention of Teeth:


     If you look at your kitty’s teeth, you’ll notice almost all of them are pointed. They’ve been designed to rip and tear meat, skin, muscle, bone, tendons, etc., not chew. A cow on the other hand, has flat teeth like humans. Those teeth are meant to chew food before it gets digested. Often you’ll notice kitty’s regurgitated food looks much like it did in kitty’s plate. That’s because kitties basically swallow their food whole. They don’t have the ability to chew it up. Kitties were never intended to eat pellets or kibble.



Raena gets loving while laying in mommy A's lap with her mouth open in a yawn p selfieThese teethies are made fur ripping and tearing, not chewing.




Vit. K (Menadione) and Fish:


     We received a question with regard to Vitamin K and fish. The question: Vit. K (Menadione: the only approved source and is toxic to humans and animals) is required by the AAFCO to be added to any food containing 25% or more of fish even though it’s dangerous and can cause illness and/or death. Is that why we don’t/are against eat(ing) fish? The answer isn’t quite as simple as yes. Until recent years we weren’t aware of the dangers of Vitamin K, but still didn’t eat fish. Certainly now that we know, it plays a factor in our choice.


     However, mommy never liked to feed fish because she didn’t think it was truly part of a kitty’s proper diet, given that most cats have an aversion to water. The fish used in cat food is generally a cheap substitution for a better meat and brought on by it’s addictive nature by pet food companies trying to sway pet parents from feeding table scraps and human foods. And yes, even when she was feeding kibble or canned pet feed, she stayed away from fish. Long ago when she was a Vet tech, the Vet she worked for told her that fish was a horrible food for cats and caused illnesses because it lacked the proper nutrients. Mommy says most cats left to their own devices aren’t out fishing (there are some wildcats that do fish, but they also hunt land prey as the bulk of their diet). We should also take into account the pollutants and carcinogens found in wild fish and more so in farm raised fish when making decisions about feeding fish to our cats. Occasional fish might be okay, but it shouldn’t make up the bulk of any kitties diet. 


Dezi sits pretty profile full face




We’re gonna wrap fur today, but don’t furget to get your questions in. We’ve got a few more questions on this topic we’ll be discussing next week. Ifin you’ve missed any post in this mini-series or our Service Cat series you can check them out by clickin’ the links on our Training Tips and Everything Feline page. As we do each week, we’re joinin’ Comedy Plus fur Feline Furiday.


Till the next time………………………………………………………Be Blest!!!




Luv and Hugs and Kitty Kisses 


Deztinee and RaenaBelle

Service Cats: Pet Food Ingredients Part 3

MeOW-llo  Welcome to our furst Service Cats and Everything Feline Friday of 2019. As promised, we’ll be pickin’ up where we left off, talking about pet feeds/food and propurr nutrition for the little Obligate Carnivore in your house. Ifin you missed any of the posts in this mini series, you can check them out here and here. You can see all the posts in our Service Cats series by checking out the links on our Training Tips and Everything Feline page. Ifin you have any questions or topics you’d like to see posted, purrlease ask in the comments section below or send us a message via the contact form on our Contact page. 


 ,Dezi lays on tree with harness and Service Cat logo


The following post will be written in human English for reader and translator ease. Our Service Cat posts aren’t intended to be an all inclusive Training Manual but rather Tips, Tricks and Techniques used/developed by mommy A thru her many years of animal training, cats in purr-ticular. And to offer insight into your questions about Everything Feline. Always remember, successful Training is all about Repetition and Rewards.

We would like to remind everyone to consult your VET or Pet Nutritionist when making food choices for any kitty whose health is compromised. That being said, remember, their opinions can be biased based on kickbacks and/or other benefits provided by Big Pet Food companies. The truth is that most “Prescription Diets” are formulated based on one study performed by one company on Canine Nutrition and not actually the needs of Felines. As for the AAFCO whose job is to regulate and enforce pet food regulations, they are not looking out for your pet’s best interest. So it’s up to each pet owner to educate themselves and decide what is best for your little furries.  



Dezi walks




Minimum/Maximum Meat Proteins in Pet Feed/Food:

     We did discuss Proteins in part 1, but we received an email asking about the amount of meat proteins pet foods contain. Since a lot of pet food companies now list meat, meat meals, etc. in the first 3 ingredients on the packaging a lot of pet owners are led to believe a particular food contains mostly whatever protein is listed. However, ingredients are required to be listed in order by weight. Obviously, meat weighs far more than rice, corm or most other ingredients. Most meats contain a lot of water (almost 75%) which makes them heavier.


     So, what do the pet feed regulations say? Any feed that contains the word “with” in it’s name, such as with chicken or with beef, is required to contain only 3% to 9% (chicken/beef) of said meat to the total weight of feed. No more and no less, no exception. So the photo on the package of a pile of chicken breasts or steaks is misleading. The total amount of chicken in a 12 pound bag of kibble could be no more than 6 to 18 ounces. And trust us, it’s definitely not the choice cuts of that meat. For pet feeds that contain the words “Recipe”, “Formula” or “Dinner”, they must contain a minimum amount of 10% and may include a maximum amount of 70%. These numbers are based on raw weight. Once cooked, not only does the meat lose all of it’s nutrients, it also shrinks. Thus the need for all those added ingredients.


Raena sits pretty on cat tree profile




     So, if you buy a 12 pound bag of kibble, kitty/woofy is only getting a maximum of 1 pound of meat protein and often less for the duration of the bag (1 pound of meat a month). If you feed wet food, the maximum amount of meat for a 3 oz can would be 1/4 ounce but could be as low as  0.08  ounces. And we wonder why our little carnivores are plagued by health issues. The truth is that commercially prepared pet feed kibble and canned contains many inedible ingredients such as sawdust, styrofoam, plastics, animal feces, and more. It really isn’t balanced or healthy for kitties or woofies.



Dezi sits pretty on floor




Added Supplements/Nutrients:

     Due to the loss of nutrients during manufacturing, these companies are required to put them back in through supplements. Listed below are some of those supplements and what they’re for. Proteinates are more expensive than sulfates and easier for the animal’s body to break down and use. However, one might see an ingredient listed in both forms. It’s a way for the company to produce the feed cheaper, not what’s best for your pet. 



Zinc Proteinate (trace minerals): Protects against cell damage and stimulates the immune system. However, it indicates a lack of well rounded supplementation. 

Mixed Tocopherols: A source of Vitamin E  

Iron proteinate: Needed for red blood cell production  It’s cheaper form is iron sulfate or ferrous sulfate. The best choice is: Iron Amino Acid Chelate  

Manganese proteinate:  Needed to develop strong bones, and enzyme activators. Enhances the immune system  May see cheaper form Manganese sulfate 

Mangonous proteinate:  Nourishes nerve and brain function. May see cheaper form Mangonous sulfate 

Flax Seed:  Best source of omega – 3 fatty acids and nutritive fiber 

Fish oil: Source of fatty acids 

Alpha-lipoic Acid:  Added for healthy skin and coat 

Copper Amino Acid Chelate: Best form of copper, needed for iron absorption and blood clotting. May see in cheaper forms, copper proteinate or sulfate. The latter may be dangerous. 

Cobalt Amino Acid Chelate: Needed for B12 synthesis. May see cheaper forms listed as proteinate or sulfate. 

Citric Acid: Source of Vitamin C and may be harsh on the digestive tract 

Chicken Fat: Source of energy for cats, dogs do better with oils 

Beta Carotene: Source of Vitamin A 

Potassium Amino Acid Complex/Potassium Citrate: Source of potassium, Not to be confused with Potassium Sorbate which is a preservative and mold inhibitor. 

Gelatin: No nutritious value. Only used as a binder for ingredients 

Potassium Chloride: Source of potassium 

Pantothenate: Vitamin B-complex  

DL-Methionine: Found naturally in meats before processing. Needed for skin, nails, and immune system 

Maganese Oxide:  Aids in fat and sugar metabolism 

All “Gums”:  No nutrition, used as fillers and binders 

Lactobacillus Acidophilos (including all other pre and pro biotics): Generally not enough added to be beneficial

A & D3 Supplements:  Needed for immune function, eye sight, and calcium absorption  

Niacin:  Aids in digestion

Inositol: Non vit. B complex metabolizes blood fats

Mineral Supplements: aka: Zinc Sulfate, sub par source of minerals 

Thiamine Mononitrate/Thiamine:  Source of B-1 

Taurine: found naturally in muscle meats, Required for nervous system function, thyroid, cardiovascular, and eye sight health  

Calcium Pantothenate: Source of B-complex and Vit. B-5 Supports adrenal activity  

Glucosamine Hydrochloride: Not enough to be effective. Cooking may also alter it’s efficacy 

Calcium Iodate:  Promotes Strong Bones, teeth, skeletal strength and cardiovascular health 

Tricalcium Phosphate: Anti caking agent, also supplies phosphate for the body

Biotin:  Promotes healthy skin and coat  

Riboflavin:  Source of Vitamin B-2 

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride: Source of Vitamin B-6  

Vitamin K: Found mostly in foods made up predominantly of fish. Can be very dangerous causing blood clotting issues in cats 


Raena sits pretty on cat tree with head tucked coyly




Well, there’s a list of the most commonly used supplements. Most of which can be found naturally in meat proteins, the foods us kitties were meant to eat naturally. We’re gonna wrap it up fur today, as this is a lot of infurmation to digest. “Member, you can see any of the posts in our Service Cat series or this mini series on our Training tips and Everything Feline page from our menu above. And we’d luv to hear from you. What questions do you have about your kitty or kitties in general? What topics would you like to see us cover? Just let us know in the comments below or by sendin’ us a purrivate message via our Contact page, also in the menu above.


          We’re also linkin’ up with Comedy Plus fur Feline Furiday sissy. You didn’t think I’s was gonna let you have the posty all to yourself, did you? 


One can dream Raena, one can dream.  


Till the next time…………………………………………………Be Blest!!!  




Luv and Hugs and Kitty Kisses  


Deztinee and RaenaBelle

Meezer's Mews & Terrieristical Woofs

I'm Dalton, a Rat terrier mix and I came here in Sept, 2017, I was rescued from Hurricane Harvey. My birthday is 8-20-2016. My Gotcha Day is 8-27-2017. And I'm Pipo, I'm a Siamese, my birthday is 12-26-2004; my Gotcha Day is 2-14-2005. We also have Angel MrJackFreckles, (2-5-2018); and also we have Angel Minko, (6-18-2017). There are also Angels Groucho, Simba, Suki, & Toki. We meezers used to be known as WeBeesSiameezers. We'e all from Michigan, Dalton came here from Texas.

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